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The citadel of Dmanisi in Georgia

Located around 85 km southwest of the city of Tbilisi at an altitude of around 1,000 meters. The archaeological site lies beneath the ruins of a medieval town, on a rocky spur rising to a height of almost 100 metres. The lava flows that formed this overhang have been precisely dated, making the Dmanisi site absolutely indispensable and virtually revolutionary.

Dmanisi: a must-see archaeological gem!

Located in the Kvemo Kartli region of southern Georgia, this citadel is one of the region’s most important archaeological sites .

The complex comprises several buildings, including a 6th-century cathedral, a 13th-century fortress and an 18th-century royal palace. The citadel is also known for its important archaeological site, which was discovered in the 1980s.

The archaeological site of the Citadel of Dmanisi is famous for the many important discoveries made there. In 1991, a team of archaeologists discovered the remains of several individuals, dating back over 1.8 million years. These remains have been identified as belonging to primitive human ancestors, making it one of the most important sites for research into human evolution.

The Dmanisi National Museum is an exceptional place where we can make astonishing discoveries and reconsider our vision of human evolution. These include the skulls of five prehistoric hominids discovered on site, as well as human bones, well-preserved skulls of extinct animal species and stone tools dating back 1.7 to 1.8 million years. The Museum also houses the ruins of a medieval town built on Bronze and Iron Age remains. History and archaeology buffs are in for a surprise.

The archaeological site of Dmanisi

The discovery of prehistoric bones

In 1999 and again in 2001, a team of archaeologists discovered several skulls at Dmanisi, all dating back some 1.8 million years. These skulls belonged to different individuals and showed significant differences from other human fossils known at the time. These discoveries have shown that there was greater human diversity at this time than previously thought. This mandible was unlike any other human fossil known at the time, leading to the creation of a new species, Homo georgicus.

The human fossils found at Dmanisi have also provided important information on the evolution of Man in Eurasia. The first humans began migrating to Eurasia around 1.8 million years ago, and the human fossils found at Dmanisi show that they were more diverse than previously thought. Fossils show that these early humans had a variety of morphologies, suggesting great diversity within the same species.

Discovering prehistoric tools

Discoveries at the Dmanisi archaeological site have also provided important information about early stone tools. Archaeologists have found stone tools that were made from local rocks, showing that early humans used stone tools in different parts of the world. The tools found at Dmanisi are considered to be the oldest stone tools in the Caucasus region.

As well as discoveries of human fossils and stone tools, excavations at Dmanisi have also revealed other important information about the region. The archaeologists found animal remains, such as rhinoceros, as well as plant remains. These discoveries have enabled us to better understand the environment in which the first humans lived at Dmanisi.

The discoveries at Dmanisi have had a major impact on our understanding of human history. In particular, discoveries of human fossils have shown that early humans were more diverse than previously thought.

Short film on work at the Dmanisi excavation site.

Discover Georgia, the cradle of the earliest hominids outside of Africa. Traces of early agricultural societies and the oldest roots of wine culture in the world are discovered there.

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